The TIGAR (Trusted Intermediary Global Accessible Resources) database, hosted at WIPO, makes it easier for participating institutions to search internationally for books in accessible formats, and to exchange them across national borders. It currently contains over 224,000 titles in accessible formats in various languages. Participation in TIGAR is free of charge; there is no membership fee or financial contribution required from a participating institution or end-user.
TIGAR is designed for use by institutions which serve the needs of people who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled. It enables secure and transparent file exchange among these institutions.
Please contact us if you are interested in making your accessible format titles available for search and exchange in TIGAR.
TIGAR’s copyright solution
The TIGAR system currently requires that permission be granted from rightsholders in order to allow the exchange of electronic files for accessible books. Once the Marrakesh VIP Treaty is implemented, permission clearance should no longer be required in those countries that have ratified the treaty.
TIGAR sets out conditions for participants for the exchange of copyrighted materials across national borders and requires permissions to be granted by rightsholders on a title-by-title basis. This permission is required to allow the cross-border exchange of the electronic files of accessible format versions of books that have already been produced legitimately by an institution under a national copyright exception or license.
Before being allowed to distribute works received via the TIGAR system, a participating institution must confirm that:
- there is no equivalent accessible, commercially available product in its territory;
- it has security mechanisms in place to prevent unauthorized access to the files it receives;
- it has processes or systems in place to ensure it distributes the accessible format versions only to persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled;
- it does not make any profit through the distribution of the accessible format version of the book; and
- it uses the TIGAR technology solution for file exchange
The following institutions have currently made their titles available for search and exchange in TIGAR:
- Association pour le Bien des Aveugles et malvoyants (Switzerland),
- Association for the Blind of Western Australia,
- Association Valentin Haüy (France),
- Canadian National Institute for the Blind,
- Danish National Library for Persons with Print Disabilities,
- Dorina Nowill Foundation for the Blind (Brazil)
- National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (US)
- Royal New Zealand Foundation of the Blind
- Norwegian Library of Talking Books and Braille
- Swedish Library of Talking Books and Braille
- Swiss Library for the Blind, Visually Impaired and Print Disabled.